Preface Part 1: The nation of Muhammad has gone astray
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One Islam, one creed
One Islam, several creed
What happened?
What the Quran & Sunnah say about the division of religion
The job of the companions
Relying on fabricated hadith
Those given authority should be followed
Who should succeed the prophet?
One Islam, one creed
At the time of the prophet, there were no Malikis, no Hanafis, no Shafi'is, no Hanbalis, no Asha'aris and no twelvers. There was one leader, one creed, one Islam. The prophet never said to follow any of the imams that founded the Sunni school of thoughts. He was the only authority to explain the Quran, to forbid and to allow, to guide, to make decisions according to the laws of Allah, and not according to his personal views. Each verse had one interpretation and not many. There were no fabricated hadith. Each issue had one ruling that every believer must comply with and implement. Any desagreement among the Muslims regarding any Quranic text, any hadith, any Islamic law was resolved by the prophet Muhammad (s). There was no room for misguidance in His presence. He was the ultimate leader for mankind and he was the only one to know what was best for his nation. IT IS NOTHING LIKE THAT TODAY!
One Islam, several creed
Today, we have several sects, each with its unique creed. Each sect interprets the Quran differently and rely on different set of hadith, authentic and fabricated, to derive their islamic laws. The proliferation of these sects has disunited the Ummah of Muhammad (s) and torn it apart. Each issue is delt with differently, depending on the sect you follow. And each one of them proudly claims to be on the right path. Each one of them declares the other to be a deviant from the Sunnah of Muhammad (s) and the book of Allah.

We have those who follow Ahmad ibn Hanbal (164 A.H. - 241 A.H) and are known as the Hanbalis. There are those who follow Muhammad ibn Idris al­Shafi`i (150 A.H. - 204 A.H.) and are known as the Shafi'is. There are those who follow Abu Hanifa (80 A.H. - 150 A.H.) and are known as the Hanafis. There are those who follow Malik ibn Anas (95 A.H. - 179 A.H.) and are known as the Malikis. And there are those who follow the twelve pure imams of the Ahlul Bayt and are known as the twelver Shia'a.

The twelve pure imams of the ahlul bayt are:

  1. Abu'l-Hasan, Abu'l-Hasanayn, known as Ali al-Murtada ibn Abu Talib (10 B.H. - 40 A.H.)
  2. Abu Muhammad, know as al-Hassan al-Mujtaba ibn Ali (3 A.H. - 50 A.H.)
  3. Abu Muhammad, known as al-Husayn al-Asghar ibn Ali (4 A.H. - 61 A.H.)
  4. Abu Muhammad, known as Ali Zaynu'l-Abidin ibn al-Husayn (38 A.H. - 95 A.H.)
  5. Abu Ja'far, known as Muhammad al-Baqir ibn Ali (57 A.H. - 114 A.H.)
  6. Abu 'Abdillah, Abu Musa, known as Ja'far al-Sadiq ibn Muhammad (83 A.H. - 148 A.H.)
  7. Abu'l Hasan, known as Musa al-Kadhim ibn Ja'far (129 A.H. - 183 A.H.)
  8. Abu'l Hasan, known as Ali al-Rida ibn Musa (148 A.H. - 203 A.H.)
  9. Abu Ja'far, known as Muhammad al-Jawad ibn Ali (195 A.H. - 220 A.H.)
  10. Abu'l Hasan, known as Ali al-Hadi ibn Muhammad (212 A.H. - 254 A.H.)
  11. Abu Muhammad, known as al-Hassan al-Askari ibn Ali (232 A.H. - 260 A.H.)
  12. Abu'l-Qasim, known as Muhammad al-Mahdi ibn al-Hasan (255 A.H. - still alive)
All twelve Imams follow the same creed, that of their grand-father, the prophet Muhammad. There has been no disagreement among them in the knowledge they transmitted. They have all narrated the same hadiths. Their interpretation of the Quran has been one unique interpretation. They have all inherited the unimaginable knowledge of the prophet, starting with Ali ibn Abi Talib, the gate of knowledge. They have outlived the four imams of Ahlul Sunnah wal Jama'ah.

So who do you follow? The twelve Imams who had preached one unique creed, that of their grand-father, and inherited his knowledge? Or the four who have preached four different creed, based on different sets of hadith and different interpretation of the Quran, leading to the division of the nation of Muhammad. Who creates more confusion in this matter? Don't we all want to follow the most knowledgeable? Don't we all want to imitate the prophet? Is it no rational to follow the footsteps of his most pious and God-fearing grandsons?

Unfortunately, corrupted politics, unjustice and oppression have led people astray.

What happened?
It is obvious that if the companions had continued to obey the Sunnah of the prophet and the divine laws of the Quran, we would have been in a better shape today. We would have been united under one creed, we would have been a super power. We would not have been ruled by tyrants and corrupted politicians. The Ummah has gone astray because they have deviated from the teachings of the prophet Muhammad.

Narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri:
The Prophet said, "You will follow the ways of those nations who were before you, span by span and cubit by cubit (i.e., inch by inch) so much so that even if they entered a hole of a mastigure, you would follow them." We said, "O Allah's Apostle! (Do you mean) the Jews and the Christians?" He said, "Whom else?"
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 92, Number 422 - Holding Fast to the Quran and Sunnah - (English version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Page 1539, Number 7320, Book: al-Iitissam bil kitab wal sunnah - (Arabic version)

Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reported Allah's Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: You would tread the same path as was trodden by those before you inch by inch and step by step so much so that if they had entered into the hole of the lizard, you would follow them in this also. We said: Allah's Messenger, do you mean Jews and Christians (by your words)" those before you"? He said: Who else (than those two religious groups)?
     Sahih Muslim, Book 34, Number 6448, Chapter 3 - The Book of Knowledge (Kitab Al-`Ilm) - (English version)
     Sahih Muslim, Page 1029, Number 2669, Book: al-`Ilm - (Arabic version)

After the demise of the prophet Muhammad (s), chaos started to overtake to nation. Political greed, power, wealth became the objectives of many. As if they haven't understood the message of the prophet. Suddenly, the most god-fearing and the least god-fearing people were distinguishable. The true believers and the false ones became like spotlights in darkness. Most of them were returning to the era they were saved from: The age of ignorance.

Then misunderstanding, confusion, hostilities, personal views, and ignorance emerged. Suddenly. many companions had diverging views regarding many of the Islamic laws that the prophet spent his life establishing to bring guidance to his Ummah. They disagreed on the matter of Tayammum, temporary marriage, adhan, the combination of Hajj and Umrah, the prayers of taraweeh and many more. There are those who became the followers of Ali (a.s) and there are those who opposed him by following Abu Bakr (r.a), Umar (r.a), Uthman (r.a) and the remaining rulers. The nation was split.

The result: look at the current islamic world. All their rulers are oppressors and unjust. None of them implements the true religion. None of them governs according to the Sunnah and the Quran. We are deprived from our basic human rights. We can't defend ourselves. We can't stand up and protest against their tyranny, and if we try to do so, we are put to death. They are all politically controlled by the western world. All they care about is their well-being and the worldly things. Some even go as far as preventing their people from practicing their religion, and those who do practice their religion become a threat to the government and makes it to the black list. Study carefully our present regimes and you will soon discover that they are the exact copy of those of the past, the regime of Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and those of the Abbasids and Umayyads. Regimes that proudly innovated and corrupted Islam with their personal views and for their own interests. Regimes that were ruled by people who were thursty of the wealth of the world and did not care much about the well-being of its people. Regimes that killed those who refuted their views, actions and injustice, because they held fast to the Sunnah of the prophet and the Quran.

Corrupted parents will eventually lead to corrupted children. On a bigger scale, corrupted leaders will eventually lead to a corrupted and a torn-apart nation. This is what happens when those who assume authority, disregard the Sunnah and the Quran, and instead use their own personal opinions to decide on different matters.

What the Quran & Sunnah say about the division of religion
The desagreement among the companions is the cause of the existence of different Islamic sects. A desagreement that was the product of political interests, greed, love for wealth and power. A desagreement that led to the shedding of Mislim blood and the mutilation of the Ummah of the prophet. Today, we are still suffering from their misdeeds and innovations that created all these creed! All the arab nations are Muslims by name. Neither our governments, nor our life styles are based on the Sunnah and the Quran. We are almost back to the Jahiliyah! We are proud to imitate the western world in all levels. So how could this desagreement be a blessing when it has divided Islam into several sects, which Allah desaproves of???

Quran 6:159
Surely they who divided their religion into parts and became sects, you have no concern with them; their affair is only with Allah, then He will inform them of what they did.
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ فَرَّقُواْ دِينَهُمْ وَكَانُواْ شِيَعًا لَّسْتَ مِنْهُمْ فِي شَيْءٍ إِنَّمَا أَمْرُهُمْ إِلَى اللّهِ ثُمَّ يُنَبِّئُهُم بِمَا كَانُواْ يَفْعَلُونَ

Quran 3:103
And hold fast by the covenant of Allah all together and be not disunited, and remember the favor of Allah on you when you were enemies, then He united your hearts so by His favor you became brethren; and you were on the brink of a pit of fire, then He saved you from it, thus does Allah make clear to you His communications that you may follow the right way.
وَاعْتَصِمُواْ بِحَبْلِ اللّهِ جَمِيعًا وَلاَ تَفَرَّقُواْ وَاذْكُرُواْ نِعْمَتَ اللّهِ عَلَيْكُمْ إِذْ كُنتُمْ أَعْدَاء فَأَلَّفَ بَيْنَ قُلُوبِكُمْ فَأَصْبَحْتُم بِنِعْمَتِهِ إِخْوَانًا وَكُنتُمْ عَلَىَ شَفَا حُفْرَةٍ مِّنَ النَّارِ فَأَنقَذَكُم مِّنْهَا كَذَلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللّهُ لَكُمْ آيَاتِهِ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَهْتَدُونَ

Quran 3:105-107
And be not like those who became divided and disagreed after clear arguments had come to them, and these it is that shall have a grievous chastisement - On the day when (some) faces shall turn white and (some) faces shall turn black; then as to those whose faces turn black: Did you disbelieve after your believing? Taste therefore the chastisement because you disbelieved - And as to those whose faces turn white, they shall be in Allah's mercy; in it they shall-abide.
وَلاَ تَكُونُواْ كَالَّذِينَ تَفَرَّقُواْ وَاخْتَلَفُواْ مِن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءهُمُ الْبَيِّنَاتُ وَأُوْلَـئِكَ لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ عَظِيمٌ - يَوْمَ تَبْيَضُّ وُجُوهٌ وَتَسْوَدُّ وُجُوهٌ فَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ اسْوَدَّتْ وُجُوهُهُمْ أَكْفَرْتُم بَعْدَ إِيمَانِكُمْ فَذُوقُواْ الْعَذَابَ بِمَا كُنْتُمْ تَكْفُرُونَ - وَأَمَّا الَّذِينَ ابْيَضَّتْ وُجُوهُهُمْ فَفِي رَحْمَةِ اللّهِ هُمْ فِيهَا خَالِدُونَ

Quran 43:65
But parties from among them differed, so woe to those who were unjust because of the chastisement of a painful day.
فَاخْتَلَفَ الْأَحْزَابُ مِن بَيْنِهِمْ فَوَيْلٌ لِّلَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا مِنْ عَذَابِ يَوْمٍ أَلِيمٍ

Quran 30:31-32
Turning to Him, and be careful of (your duty to) Him and keep up prayer and be not of the polytheists - Those who split up their Religion, and become (mere) Sects,- each party rejoicing in that which is with itself!
مُنِيبِينَ إِلَيْهِ وَاتَّقُوهُ وَأَقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَلَا تَكُونُوا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ - مِنَ الَّذِينَ فَرَّقُوا دِينَهُمْ وَكَانُوا شِيَعًا كُلُّ حِزْبٍ بِمَا لَدَيْهِمْ فَرِحُونَ

تفترق أمتي على ثلاث وسبعين فرقة أعظمها فتنة على أمتي قوم يقيسون الأمور برأيهم فيحلون الحرام ويحرمون الحلال
طب عن عوف بن ماك).‏
     Kanz al-U'ummal, by al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, vol 1, #1058 (الباب الثاني في الاعتصام بالكتاب والسنة)

The holy prophet said: "Out of the seventy-one sects of the followers of Musa, only one was on the right path. The followers of Isa also divided their religion into seventy two sects, out of which only one was on the right path. Likewise there will be seventy three sects among my followers, out of which only one will be on the right path."
افترقت اليهود على احدى وسبعين فرقة فواحدة في الجنة وسبعون في النار وافترقت النصارى على اثنتين وسبعين فرقة فاحدى وسبعون في النار وواحدة في الجنة والذي نفس محمد بيده لتفترقن أمتي على ثلاث وسبعين فرقة فواحدة في الجنة واثنتان وسبعون في النار.
(ه) عن عوف بن مالك.‏
     Ziyadat al-Jaami'i al-Sagheer, by Jalaludin al-Suyuti, #828 (حرف الهمزة)
     Sunan ibn Majah, vol 2, #3992 (كتاب الفتن. (179 باب افتراق الأمم)
     Sunan Abu Dawud, vol 2, #4596 (أول كتاب السنة. -1- باب شرح السُّنة)
     Kanz al-U'ummal, by al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, vol 1, #1057, #1637, #1641 (by Ali), #1643 (by Ali) (الباب الثاني في الاعتصام بالكتاب والسنة)
     Kanz al-U'ummal, by al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, vol 11, #30834 (الفصل الثاني {في الفتن والهرج)
     Majmau'u al-Zawa'id, by al-Hafidh al-Haythami, vol 1, #899 (كتاب العلم. 98. (بابان في البدع وأهلها), narrated by Anas ibn Malik
     Mu'ujam al-Tabarani, by Imam al-Tabarani, (باب الصاد. صدي بن العجلان. أبو غالب صاحب المحجن واسمه حزور)
     Mu'ujam al-Tabarani, by Imam al-Tabarani, (باب الظاء. عوف بن مالك الأشجعي. جبير بن نفير الحضرمي عن عوف بن مالك)
     Mu'ujam al-Tabarani, by Imam al-Tabarani, (باب الظاء. عوف بن مالك الأشجعي. راشد بن سعد عن عوف بن مالك)

عن علي قال: افترقت بنو إسرائيل بعد موسى على إحدى وسبعين فرقة كلها في النار إلا فرقة، وافترقت النصارى بعد عيسى عليه السلام على اثنتين وسبعين فرقة كلها في النار إلا فرقة، فأما اليهود فإن الله يقول: {ومن قوم موسى أمة يهدون بالحق وبه يعدلون} وأما النصارى فإن الله تعالى يقول: {منهم أمة مقتصدة} فهذه التي تنجو وأما نحن فيقول الله تعالى: {ومن خلقنا أمة يهدون بالحق وبه يعدلون} فهذه التي تنجو من هذه الأمة. (ابن أبي حاتم وأبو الشيخ). (قال تعالى: {ومن قوم موسى أمة يهدون بالحق وبه يعدلون}. الأعراف (159). وقال تعالى: {وممن خلقنا أمة يهدون بالحق وبه يعدلون}. الأعراف (181).
يقول القرطبي في تفسيره عند هذه الآية: [8/329]. في الخبر أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: هم هذه الأمة. وروى أنه قال: هذه لكم وقد أعطى الله قوم موسى مثلها وقرأ هذه الآية وقال: إن من أمتي قوما على الحق حتى ينزل عيسى بن مريم؛ فدلت الآية على أن الله عز وجل لا يخلي الدنيا في وقت من الأوقات من داع يدعو إلى الحق. وذكر ابن كثير [2/8] هذا الحديث: وستفترق هذه الأمة على ثلاث وسبعين فرقة كلها في النار إلا واحدة قالوا: وما هم يا رسول الله؟ قال: من كان على ما أنا عليه وأصحابي. أخرجه الحاكم في مستدركه بهذه الزيادة.)
     Kanz al-U'ummal, by al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, vol 2, #4832 (سورة الأعراف)

Narrated Abu Hurayrah: The Prophet (PBUH) said: "The Jews were split up into seventy-one or seventy-two sects; and the Christians were split up into seventy one or seventy-two sects; and my community will be split up into seventy-three sects."
افترقت اليهود على إحدى وسبعين فرقة، وتفرقت النصارى على اثنتين وسبعين فرقة وتفرقت أمتي على ثلاث وسبعين فرقة
التخريج (برموز السيوطي): (4) عن أبي هريرة
التخريج (مفصلا): الأربعة [أبو داود، الترمذي، النسائي، ابن ماجه] عن أبي هريرة
تصحيح السيوطي: صحيح‏
     al-Jaami'i al-Sagheer, by Jalaludin al-Suyuti, vol 2, #1223 (تتمة باب حرف الألف)
     Sunan Abu Dawood, Book 40, Number 4579 - Kitab Al-Sunnah - (English version)
     Mustadrak al-Hakim, by Muhammad ibn Abdullah al-Hakim al-Nisaboori, vol 1, #10/10 (كتاب الإيمان). al-Hakim said the following: هذا حديث كثر في الأصول، وقد روي، عن سعد بن أبهذا حديث كثر في الأصول، وقد روي، عن سعد بن أبي وقاص، وعبد الله بن عمرو، وعوف بن مالك، عن رسول الله - صلى الله عليه وسلم - مثله
     Mustadrak al-Hakim, by Muhammad ibn Abdullah al-Hakim al-Nisaboori, vol 1, #441/152, #442/153 (كتاب العلم). al-Hakim said the following: هذا حديث صحيح على شرط مسلم، ولم يخرجاه.
     Muwatta Imam Malik
     Ziyadat al-Jaami'i al-Sagheer, by Jalaludin al-Suyuti, #828 (فصل في أشياء لم تدخل في الحروف)
     Sunan ibn Majah, vol 2, #3991 (كتاب الفتن. (179 باب افتراق الأمم)
     Sunan al-Tirmidhi, vol 4, #2778 (أبواب الإيمان، عن رسول اللّه صلى اللّه عليه وسلم. 18- باب افتراق هذه الأمة). al-Tirmidhi said: حديث أبي هريرة حديث حسن صحيح
     Sunan Abu Dawud, vol 2, #4597 (أول كتاب السنة. -1- باب شرح السُّنة)
     Kanz al-U'ummal, by al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, vol 1, #1652 (by Ali) (الباب الثاني في الاعتصام بالكتاب والسنة)
     Kanz al-U'ummal, by al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, vol 11, #30838 (الفصل الثاني {في الفتن والهرج)
     Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal (مسند أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه)

Those on the right path are those who adhere to the Quran and Ahlul Bayt, as it has been directed by the prophet in hadith al-Thaqalayn, and not the Quran and the fabricated hadiths that many Muslims consider authentic!!!

كيف أنت يا عوف إذا افترقت هذه الأمة على ثلاث وسبعين فرقة واحدة في الجنة وسائرهن في النار؟". قلت: ومتى ذلك يا رسول الله؟ قال: "إذا كثرت الشرط وملكت الإماء وقعدت الحملان على المنابر واتخذ القرآن مزامير وزخرفت المساجد ورفعت المنابر وأتخذ الفيء دولاً والزكاة مغرماً والأمانة مغنماً وتفقه في الدين لغير الله وأطاع الرجل امرأته وعق أمه وأقصى أباه ولعن آخر هذه الأمة أولها وساد القبيلة فاسقهم وكان زعيم القوم أرذلهم وأكرم الرجل اتقاء شره فيومئذ يكون ذلك ويفزع الناس إلى الشام وإلى مدينة منها يقال لها: دمشق من خير مدن الشام فتحصنهم من عدوهم". قلت: وهل تفتح الشام؟ قال: "نعم وشيكاً ثم تقع الفتن بعد فتحها ثم تجيء فتنة غبراء مظلمة ثم يتبع الفتن بعضها بعضاً حتى يخرج رجل من أهل بيتي يقال له: المهدي فإن أدركته فاتبعه وكن من المهديين".
قلت: روى ابن ماجة طرفاً من أوله.
رواه الطبراني وفيه عبد الحميد بن إبراهيم وثقه ابن حبان وهو ضعيف وفيه جماعة لم أعرفهم.‏
     Majmau'u al-Zawa'id, by al-Hafidh al-Haythami, vol 7, #12435 (كتاب الفتن - أعاذنا الله منها - . 77. (بابان في علامات الساعة). 2. باب ثان في أمارات الساعة)
     Kanz al-U'ummal, by al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, vol 11, #31144 (تتمة الفتن من الإكمال)

"The Apostle of God said: 'There will come a time for my people when there will remain nothing of the Qur'an except its outward form and nothing of Islam except its name and they will call themselves by this name even though they are the people furthest from it. The mosques will be full of people but they will be empty of right guidance. The religious leaders (Fuqaha) of that day will be the most evil religious leaders under the heavens; sedition and dissension will go out from them and to them will it return.'"
     Ibn Babuya, Thawab ul-A'mal
     Al-Bihar, by Al-Majlisi, Vol 13, Page 155
     Kanz Al-amal #766

The job of the companions
The job of the companions is to understand the Sunnah and the Quran, to preserve it, to protect it, to implement it and to teach it to others. It was not their jobs to lead and guide the nation of Muhammad (s) because, they themselves needed guidance. Since when the person who needs guidance is qualified to guide others. Logic refutes this thinking. A leader must be endowed with special virtues. How can a companion, who lived a great part of his life in the age of ignorance, come and assume the responsibilites of a prophet. How can someone who needs guidance and great amount of knowledge, assume the responsibilites of the prophet. Would you let a novice run your successful company? Would you let a car driver fly a plane? Would you leave an unexperienced baby-sitter with your new born? Of course not! The folowing three narrations indicate that some companions erred, and therefore needed guidance.

Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: The Prophet stood up among us and addressed (saying) "You will be gathered, barefooted, naked, and uncircumcised (as Allah says): 'As We began the first creation, We shall repeat it..' (21.104) And the first human being to be dressed on the Day of Resurrection will be (the Prophet) Abraham Al-Khalil. Then will be brought some men of my followers who will be taken towards the left (i.e., to the Fire), and I will say: 'O Lord! My companions whereupon Allah will say: You do not know what they did after you left them. I will then say as the pious slave, Jesus said, And I was witness over them while I dwelt amongst them..........(up to) ...the All-Wise.' (5.117-118). The narrator added: Then it will be said that those people (relegated from Islam, that is) kept on turning on their heels (deserted Islam).
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 76, Number 533 - al-Riqaq - (English version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Page 1386, Number 6526, Book: al-Riqaq - (Arabic version)

Narrated Ibn Al-Musaiyab:
The companions of the Prophet said, "Some men from my companions will come to my Lake-Fount and they will be driven away from it, and I will say, 'O Lord, my companions!' It will be said, 'You have no knowledge of what they innovated after you left: they turned apostate as renegades (reverted from Islam).
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 8, Book 76, Number 586 - To make the Heart Tender (Ar-Riqaq) - (English version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Page 1396, Number 6586, Book: ar-Riqaq - (Arabic version)

Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
I heard the Prophet saying, "Do not revert to disbelief after me by striking (cutting) the necks of one another."
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, Book 88, Number 198 - Afflictions and the End of the World - (English version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Page 1493, Number 7077, Book: al-Fitan - (Arabic version)

The nation of Muhammad was like a newborn. After his demise, it was still vulnerable and weak in faith. It acquired so much knowledge in so little time that not all the laws were assimilated and understood. The prophet brought them all they needed to lead a successful, pious life. But they needed more time to understand all of this knowledge. They still needed guidance. They needed someone like the prophet, but not a prophet to do this job. And no companion had his qualifications. The successors of all previous prophets were either prophets or devinely chosen men with special qualities and virtues, and not a regular companion. So why would it be any different for the last prophet?!

Relying on fabricated hadith
Some rulers prohibitted the transmission and writing of the Sunnah and others fabricated hadith to support the innovations and personal views of Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman, as well as the Umayyad and Abbassid rulers. Other hadith have also been fabricated to attribute false virtues to the prominent companions in order to belittle the progeny of the prophet, who were the enemies of most of the Islamic rulers. Below are two fabricated hadith that have made the Muslims follow the footsteps of the companions throughout history, instead of obeying hadith al-Thaqalayn which commands us to adhere to the Quran and Ahlul Bayt:

Verily, my Companions are like the stars (nujum) in the sky; whichever of them you follow, you shall be guided rightly. The disagreement of my Companions is a blessing for you.

Follow those who will come after me, Abu Bakr and `Umar.

How could the desagreement of the companions be a blessing?! This desagreement is what caused the civil wars of Camel and Siffin, costing the lives of thousands of Muslims. This desagreement is what has weakened us and disunited the Ummah. It is this same desagreement that exists between the different sects and led us astray. So where is that blessing?! The truth is that the prophet never said that and those who attributed these contradictory narrations to him will certainly be punished for it, according to this narration:

Narrated Salama: I heard the Prophet saying, "Whoever (intentionally) ascribes to me what I have not said then (surely) let him occupy his seat in Hell-fire."
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 3, Number 109, Book: Knowledge; Page 41, Number 109 (Arabic version)

Those given authority should be followed
Hadith al-Thaqalayn clearly requires every Muslim to adhere to the Quran and to Ahlul Bayt in order not to ever go astray, and not to the companions!. So who should we follow? Ahlul Bayt or the companions and the imams of the Malikis, Hanafis, Shafiis or Hanbalis? Allah has purified the progeny of the prophet and cleansed them from every uncleanness. Who else has this status? They are the most pious and god-fearing, after the prophet Muhammad. Their unmatched status is reflected by remembering them in our daily prayers (Allahumma salli a'ala Muahammad wa a'li Muhammad). Failing to mention them in our prayers invalidates these prayers. The hadith states:

The messenger of Allah (PBUH&HF) said: "I am leaving for you two precious and weighty Symbols that if you adhere to BOTH of them you shall not go astray after me. They are, the Book of Allah, and my progeny, that is my Ahlul-Bayt. The Merciful has informed me that These two shall not separate from each other till they come to me by the Pool (of Paradise)."
     Musnad ibn Hanbal, v3,p14 [Entire book:(p785,#11120)]; v3,p17 [Entire book:(p794,#11229)]; v3,p26 [Entire book:(p785,#11120)]; v3,p59 [Entire book:(p817,#11582)]; v5,p181 [Entire book:(p1591,#21911)]; v5,p189 [Entire book:(p1597,#21993)];
     Sahih al-Tirmidhi, v5, pp 662-663,328, report of 30+ companions, with reference to several chains of transmitters.
     al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, Chapter of "Understanding (the virtues) of Companions, v3, pp 109,110,148,533 who wrote this tradition is authentic (Sahih) based on the criteria of the two Shaikhs (al-Bukhari and Muslim).
     Sunan, by Daarami, v2, p432
     Fadha'il al-Sahaba, by Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v2, p585, Tradition #990
     al-Khasa'is, by al-Nisa'i, pp 21,30
     al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar Haythami, Ch. 11, section 1, p230
     al-Kabir, by al-Tabarani, v3, pp 62-63,137
     History of Ibn Asakir, v5, p436
     al-Durr al-Manthoor, al-Hafidh al-Suyuti, v2, p60
     Tafsir Ibn Kathir (complete version), v4, p113, under commentary of verse 42:23 of Quran (four traditions)
     Usdul Ghabah fi Ma'rifat al-Sahaba, Ibn al-Athir, v2, p12

Why aren't the Muslims following their footsteps? Don't they see that if we adhered to this hadith, we will all be united under one creed? Aren't the Muslims disobeying the prophet by following the companions and the imams of the different sects? Unfortunately, they are disobeying the prophet. All their Islamic rulings are derived from hadith transmitted by the companions and rarely by Ahlul Bayt. Most of their books report narrations transmitted from the companions like Abu Hurayra and Abdullah ibn Umar and rarely from Ahlul Bayt. Is that not an indication as to whom they truly follow? Who is more knowledgeable about the Sunnah and the Quran, Ahlul Bayt and namely Ali, the gate of knowledge, or the companions who need continuous guidance. Aren't the companions likely to make mistakes in transmitting hadith, forgetting them or unintentionally modifying them. How many hadiths were transmitted by the companions and reported by the sihah and turned out to be fabricated and corrupted and contradictory to authentic ones? Why not act according to hadith al-Thaqalayn to learn about Islam from the truthful members of ahlul Bayt, the true protectors of the Sunnah and the correct interpretors of the Quran.

Ahlul Bayt are the ones we should learn Islam from. Adhering to them will unite all Muslims under one creed. The prophet and his progeny are the ultimate examples of this nation to follow and remember and learn from.

"Behold! My Ahlul-Bayt are like the Ark of Noah. Whoever embarked in it was SAVED, and whoever turned away from it was PERISHED."
     al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, v2, p343, v3, pp 150-151 on the authority of Abu Dhar. al-Hakim said this tradition is authentic (Sahih).
     Fadha'il al-Sahaba, by Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, v2, p786
     Tafsir al-Kabir, by Fakhr al-Razi, under the commentary of verse 42:23, Part 27, p167
     Tarikh al-Khulafaa and Jami' al-Saghir, by al-Suyuti
     al-Kabir, by al-Tabarani, v3, pp 37,38
     al-Saghir, by al-Tabarani, v2, p22
     Hilyatul Awliyaa, by Abu Nu'aym, v4, p306

The Prophet (PBUH&HF) said about Ahlul-Bayt: "Do not be ahead of them for you will perish, do not turn away from them for you will perish, and do not try to teach them since they know more than you do!"
     al-Durr al-Manthoor, by al-Suyuti, v2, p60
     al-Sawa'iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Ch. 11, section 1, p230, quoted from al-Tabarani, also in section 2, p342
     Usdul Ghabah, by Ibn al-Athir, v3, p137
     Yanabi' al-Mawaddah, by al-Qundoozi al-Hanafi, p41, and P335
     Kanz al-Ummal, by al-Muttaqi al-Hindi, v1, p168
     Majma' al-Zawa'id, by al-Haythami, v9, p163
     Tadhkirat al-Khawas al-Ummah, Sibt Ibn al-Jawzi al-Hanafi, pp 28-33

Judge for yourself how we can all be united. Just study their virtues and piety and you will soon find out that they are our salvation.

Who should succeed the prophet?
The successor of the prophet must be the most god-fearing, a true believer. He must be the most knowledgeable. He must have great wisdom. He must know and understand the sunnah of the prophet and the book of Allah. He must always be obedient and truthful to the prophet and to Allah. He must always speak the truth. He must make decisions according to the authentic Islamic laws. He must not trespass the limits of Allah. He must rule with justice. He must care for others more than for himself. He must have control over the devil. He must have a pure heart. He must always have answers to solutions. He must be a military leader and a hero. Now who had such virtues besides the prophet?

Would the prophet elect someone who disobeyed him in many situations? Didn't Abu Bakr and his followers disobey the prophet when He ordered them to join the military detachement of Usamah ibn Zaid to fight the roman army. Didn't they stay around Medina and refuse to leave? Did he not curse them for such actions saying: "May the curse of Allah be upon those who turn away from the army of Usamah"?

Some say that the prophet asked Abu Bakr to lead the Muslims in prayer, which entitled him to the caliphate. Their argument is based on the following fabricated narration:

Narrated 'Aisha: That the Prophet said (to her). "Order Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer." She replied," Abu Bakr is a soft-hearted person and when he stands at your place, he will weep (so he will not be able to lead the prayer)." The Prophet repeated the same order and she gave the same reply. The narrator, Shuba said that the Prophet said on the third or fourth time. "You are (like) the female companions of Joseph. Order Abu Bakr to lead the prayer."
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 598 - Book: Prophets; Page 714, #3384 (Arabic version)
     Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 55, Number 599 - Book: Prophets; Page 714, #3385 (Arabic version)

How would the prophet order the disobedient Abu Bakr to lead the Muslims in prayers while he was supposed to be on a military expedition three days ago? It does not make sense that the prophet would call for Abu Bakr to lead the prayer when he was supposed to be outside of Medina on a military expedition. His presence in Medina was against the will of the prophet! The truth is that the prophet never ordered such a thing. Yes, Abu Bakr was around or in Medina, since he refused to join the army under the leadership of the seventeen years old Usamah ibn Zaid. Ali and few other companions were not ordered to join the expedition but were to stay by the prophet. Does it not make sense that the prophet wanted his beloved and obedient cousin and brother Ali to stay with him?

History testifies that this whole thing was plotted by Aisha because of her well-known hatred for Ali. She knew that Ali was the true successor of the prophet. She wanted her father, instead of Ali, to become the caliph of the Muslims. When the prophet knew her plot and its implications, he bacame very angry. Despite his heavy illness, he asked two individuals to drag him out ot his room to the mosque to stop Abu Bakr from leading the prayer.

Ali was the most obedient to the prophet. He was the gate of knowledge, which makes him more knowledgeable than anyone, after the prophet. He was the most pious and God-fearing. He never altered the Sunnah of the prophet after his demise, while the first three did and abused it. His virtues are enough to say that he is best qualified for leadership, which was decided by Allah and conveyed by Muhammad.

The fact that we are split and torn apart today proves that those who forcibly became caliphs were not qualified for the position. If instead they obeyed the Sunnah of the prophet and the orders of Allah, we would have been a healthier and undivided nation.

This section is discussed on more details in the chapter of the caliphate.

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